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Subnational Business Reforms in Nigeria

Positive= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business.Negative= Change making it more difficult to do business.

These reforms were published in Doing Business in 2014

Abia (Aba)

Business start-up in Abia was made more difficult by the introduction of additional requirements and cost increase, following the introduction of Abia State Physical Planning and Infrastructural Development Fund law in 2010.

Anambra (Onitsha)

Business start-up in Anambra was eased by the opening of an additional tax registration office and by streamlining the registration for the state business premises permit.

Bauchi (Bauchi)

The Bauchi State Urban Development Board increased the number of inspections occurring during the construction phase and introduced a final inspection at completion of works.

Bauchi streamlined property registration by delegating the Governor's power to grant consent on property transfers and by introducing electronic search for property titles.

Bayelsa (Yenagoa)

Business start-up in Bayelsa was eased by reducing the time for stamp duty payment.

Benue (Makurdi)

The introduction of a mandatory environmental impact assessment report for all categories of projects made dealing with construction permits in Benue more cumbersome.

Cross River (Calabar)

Business start-up in Cross River was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission and pay the stamp duty.

Cross River state authorities revamped the administration of the permitting system by making it easier to access information, checklists, brochures, application forms and fee schedules, as well as introducing online payments for building permit fees.

Cross River made property registration more efficient by establishing the CR Geographic Information Agency, in charge of digitizing land records, and by opening of a stamp duty office in Calabar.

Delta (Warri)

Business start-up in Delta was eased by streamlining the registration for the state business premises permit and by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission.

The creation of the Delta State One-Stop Shop for Investors reduced the time to obtain building permits.

Ebonyi (Abakaliki)

Business start-up in Ebonyi was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission.

Edo (Benin City)

Business start-up in Edo was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission and pay the stamp duty.

Introducing the requirement to obtain a certificate of completion before buildings can be occupied increased the time it takes to deal with construction permits in Edo.

Ekiti (Ado-Ekiti)

Business start-up in Ekiti was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission.

The creation of an agency dedicated exclusively to processing building permits and land use clearances reduced the time to deal with construction permits in Ekiti.

Ekiti decreased the consent fee for property transfers from 15% to 10% of the property value.

Ekiti made contract enforcement easier modernizing its civil procedure rules and introducing new case management mechanisms.

Enugu (Enugu)

Revamping the administration of the permitting system and eliminating the requirement of a site analysis report for commercial construction projects reduced the time to obtain a building permit in Enugu.

Enugu increased administrative efficiency and reduced the time to obtain Governor's consent on property transfers.

Gombe (Gombe)

The introduction of a mandatory soil investigation report for all categories of projects and of random inspections to the construction site made dealing with construction permits in Gombe more cumbersome.

Imo (Owerri)

Business start-up in Imo was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission.

Jigawa (Dutse)

The introduction of a pre-approval inspection before the building permit is issued and of a final inspection at completion of works made dealing with construction permits in Jigawa more cumbersome.

Jigawa increased administrative efficiency at the land registry due to better internal organization and increased use of information technology.

Kaduna (Kaduna)

Kaduna made it easier to enforce a contract by increasing the District Court's monetary threshold.

Kano (Kano)

Kano authorities increased the number of inspections during and after construction and made it mandatory to notify the Urban Planning and Development Authority both at commencement and at completion of works.

Kano made property registration lengthier due to delays in obtaining Governor's consent on property transfers.

Katsina (Katsina)

Business start-up in Katsina was eased by streamlining the payment and stamping of company incorporation documents.

Katsina decreased the stamp duty fee on property transfers from 3% to 1.5% of the property value.

Kebbi (Birnin Kebbi)

The introduction of a mandatory site analysis report for all categories of projects made dealing with construction permits in Kebbi more cumbersome.

Kogi (Lokoja)

The introduction of a final inspection at completion of works and of the requirement of obtaining a certificate of completion before buildings can be occupied made dealing with construction permits in Kogi more cumbersome.

Kwara (Ilorin)

The introduction of a final inspection at completion of works and the requirement of obtaining a certificate of completion before buildings can be occupied made dealing with construction permits in Kwara more cumbersome.

Nasarawa (Lafia)

Business start-up in Nasarawa was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission and by the opening of a stamp duty office in the state.

Niger (Minna)

Niger made property registration more efficient by establishing NIGIS, Niger Geographic Information Agency, in charge of digitizing land records, and by delegating the Governor's power to grant consent on property transfers.

Niger made contract enforcement easier by increasing the total number of district court judges.

Ogun (Abeokuta)

Business start-up in Ogun was eased by streamlining the registration for the state business premises permit, by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission, and by the opening of a stamp duty office in the state.

Ogun authorities made dealing with construction permits more efficient by reducing the time it takes to obtain building permits, environmental impact assessment reports and certificates of completion.

Ogun streamlined property registration by reducing the number of steps required.

Ondo (Akure)

Ondo decreased the consent fee for property transfers from 10% to 5% of the property value.

Oyo (Ibadan)

Introducing the Harmonized Demand Notice, a unified application form through which applicants can submit all the required documentation at once, made dealing with construction permits in Oyo more efficient.

Plateau (Jos)

Business start-up in Plateau was made more difficult by introducing additional requirements to obtain a state business premises permit.

The introduction of a system to track and sanction backlogs reduced the time it takes to obtain building permits in Plateau.

Rivers (Port Harcourt)

The introduction of a one-stop shop reduced the time it takes to obtain a building permit in Rivers by 30 days.

Rivers made property registration more efficient by establishing RIVGIS, Rivers Geographic Information Agency, in charge of digitizing land records, and by delegating the Governor's power to grant consent on property transfers.

Sokoto (Sokoto)

The introduction of the requirement of obtaining a certificate of completion before buildings can be occupied made dealing with construction permits in Sokoto more cumbersome.

Taraba (Jalingo)

Business start-up in Taraba was made more difficult by increasing the time to pay the stamp duty.

Taraba made property registration lengthier by eliminating the delegation of Governor's power to grant consent for property transfers.

Yobe (Damaturu)

The introduction of a final inspection at completion of works and of the requirement of obtaining a certificate of completion before buildings can be occupied made dealing with construction permits in Yobe more cumbersome.

Zamfara (Gusau)

Business start-up in Zamfara was eased by reducing the time to register the company at the local branch of the Corporate Affairs Commission and by the opening of a stamp duty office in the state.

The introduction of a mandatory environmental impact assessment report and a soil investigation report for all categories of projects made dealing with construction permits in Zamfara more cumbersome.