Meet the Doing Business Team

The annual Doing Business reports are researched and written by a team of experts. This year's team is shown in alphabetical order below.


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Youmna Al Hourani

Youmna Al Hourani joined the Doing Business team in January 2019 and currently works on the getting Electricity Indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Al Hourani worked on issues related to democratic governance and political inclusion in the Middle East at the National Democratic Institute in DC. Before that, she worked on migrant workers’ rights and economic inclusion respectively at ILO and the United Nations in New York City, USA. She previously, worked on forced displacements in Syria at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, Lebanon. She holds a Master’s degree in International Relations and Middle Eastern Studies from New York University and a bachelor in Business Administration from the American University of Beirut. She speaks Arabic and French.

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Lucia Arnal Rodriguez

Lucia Arnal Rodriguez joined the Doing Business team in March 2018. She works on the Labor Market indicator. She holds a Master (LL.M) in International and European Law from Tilburg University, where she focused on issues of competition and trade law. She received a Bachelor of Law (LL.B.) from the Universidad de Valencia in Spain, and is a member of the Bar Association of Valencia (ICAV). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Arnal worked in private law firms in Spain, where she primarily worked on corporate law and bankruptcy law. Lucia speaks Spanish and French.

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Yuriy Valentinovich Avramov

Yuriy Avramov joined the Doing Business team in April 2015. He currently works on the Registering Property Indicator. He previously covered the Labor Market Regulation indicator. He holds a Juris Doctorate from Seattle University School of Law and a joint degree in Political Science and Criminal Justice from the University of South Dakota. Prior to joining the team he worked as an attorney in a private practice, where he assisted companies with international investigations involving corruption and alleged violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Mr. Avramov also has experience and interests in international human rights. He speaks Russian and is conversant in Spanish. He is currently based in Santiago de Chile.

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Elodie Bataille

Elodie Bataille joined the Doing Business team in March 2018. She works on the Credit information indicator. She holds a Master’s in Business Economics from the INSEEC in France, and a Master in Public Policy from Sciences Po Grenoble, where she focused on issues of international economic and political sciences. She received a Bachelor of Law and Administration from the Université de Savoie in France. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Bataille worked in various international organizations like the Organization of American States and most recently in the Inter-American Development Bank where she primarily worked on social security, labor and taxes issues. Ms. Bataille speaks French, Spanish and Portuguese.

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Erica Bosio

Erica Bosio joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently leads the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Before that, Erica led the Enforcing Contracts indicator for 4 years. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she practiced arbitration and litigation at the law firm Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP in Milan. She holds a Master in International Legal Studies from the Georgetown University Law Center and a law degree from the University of Turin (Italy). She speaks Italian and is fluent in French.

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Liliya Bulgakova

Liliya Bulgakova joined the Doing Business team in April 2018 and currently works on the Labor Market indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Bulgakova worked in the area of anti-bribery, anti-corruption, and anti-money laundering compliance and investigation for a number of international law firms in Washington, DC, as well as a business consulting company. Earlier in her career, Ms. Bulgakova worked as an attorney in government contracting and project financing. Ms. Bulgakova holds a Masters of Laws (LL.M) in International Legal Studies from American University Washington College of Law and a J.D. from Bashkir State University. She speaks Russian.

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Esperanza Castro

Esperanza joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. Previously, Esperanza worked for the World Bank Group’s project Enabling the Business of Agriculture, leading the development of the Finance indicator. Barred in New York State and Spain, before joining the World Bank Group, she practiced law in Spain. She graduated with Honors in Law from the University of Murcia in Spain, and she also holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies with specialization in Arbitration, International Business law and Trade from American University, where she obtained the Solf Award. Esperanza is a Ph.D. candidate of the University of Murcia and is pursuing an Economics degree from UNED. She speaks Spanish, is fluent in French, and intermediate in Portuguese.

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Kamal Chakaroun

Kamal Chakaroun joined the Doing Business team in January 2019, and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Chakaroun worked with the Non-Profit organization AMAR U.S as a Programs Associate, managing livelihood programs in Iraq. Previous to that, he worked with Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) as a Deputy Finance Coordinator in the Central African Republic and as an Administration Manager in Niger. Previous to that, he worked as an Investment Advisor at the Arab Finance Corporation in Lebanon. Mr. Chakaroun holds a MA degree in International Relations and Economics from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, in addition to a MA in Financial Assets Management and a BA in Business Administration from Saint Joseph University in Beirut. He speaks Arabic and French.

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Edgar Chavez

Edgar Chavez joined the Doing Business team in February 2013. He leads the Getting Credit - Credit Information indicator and previously covered the Registering Property indicator. He holds a Master's degree in international relations and international economics from Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies and a Bachelor's degree in international relations from the Tecnologico de Monterrey (Mexico). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Chavez worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and at the commercial section of the Canadian Embassy in Mexico. Mr. Chavez speaks Spanish, French and is conversant in Russian.

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Maria Magdalena Chiquier

Maria Magdalena Chiquier joined the Doing Business team in October 2014. Maika currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the team, she worked in International Finance Corporation (IFC) Legal Department. Before joining IFC, she also practiced law at Clifford Chance law firm. Ms. Chiquier was seconded from IFC to work as a Corporate Governance Officer in the European Stability Mechanism in Luxembourg. Ms. Chiquier holds Juris Doctor law degree in banking and finance law from Warsaw University and a Master's degree (LL.M) in International Law and Secured Transactions from Georgetown University. Ms. Chiquier is admitted to the New York Bar and is a member of New York Bar Association. She speaks Polish and French.

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Cyriane Coste

Cyriane joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She works on the Starting a Business indicator. She holds a Master of Law (LL.M) in International Business and Economics Law from Georgetown University Law Center. She is an attorney admitted in New York State. Prior to join Doing Business, Cyriane has worked on the Access to Markets topic of the Enabling the Business of Agriculture project of the World Bank Group. She previously worked in an international law firm in Washington, DC and practiced corporate law in Paris. She speaks French and Spanish.

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Santiago Croci

Santiago Croci joined the Doing Business team in March 2008. He is the Program Manager of the joint World Bank-IFC Doing Business Report which provides measures of business regulations for local firms in 190 economies. He previously oversaw the Stakeholders Engagement component of Doing Business. Prior to that, he led the Getting Credit - Legal Rights indicator. Before joining the team, Mr. Croci worked on an insolvency and creditor rights initiative at the Legal Vice-Presidency of the World Bank Group. He also worked on development issues at the Competitiveness Capacity Building Initiative of the Organization of American States. Mr. Croci holds a law degree in corporate law from Montpellier I University (Montpellier, France) and a master's degree in international law from Paul Cézanne University (Aix-en-Provence, France). Mr. Croci speaks French and Spanish.

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Theophile de Saint Sernin

Theophile de Saint Sernin joined the Doing Business team in January 2019 and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. Prior to joining the Doing Business Team, Mr. de Saint Sernin worked on Urban Transportation projects at the Infrastructure Practice Group of the World Bank Group. He holds a MA in International Economics and Strategic Studies from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, and a BA in International and East Asian Studies from Leiden University in The Hague. He speaks French, Greek, and Spanish.

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Marie Delion

Marie Delion joined the Doing Business team in 2003. She leads the Registering Property indicator and previously led the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. Her experience in the Bank includes 6 years working at the World Bank Group Institute. She holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science and a MBA from the University of Maryland University College. Prior to joining the World Bank Group in 1999, she worked for Siemens in Cameroon and KPMG in New Caledonia. Ms. Delion speaks French.

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Nadine Dimonte

Nadine Abi Chakra joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. She leads the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator and previously covered the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds an LLM in Corporate Law from Cornell Law School and a Bachelor of Laws in French Law and Lebanese Law from Saint Joseph University. Ms. Abi Chakra is a member of the New York Bar Association. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Abi Chakra worked as an associate in the corporate and banking department at law firms in the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon. Ms. Abi Chakra speaks French and Arabic.

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Varun Eknath

Varun Eknath joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 to work on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. He previously worked with the Doing Business team covering the same indicator. In between Doing Business assignments, he worked with the Trade and Competitiveness practice of the World Bank Group on projects in investment promotion & facilitation, economic diversification and sector competitiveness in India. Varun holds a Masters in Law and Economics (MILE) from the World Trade Institute, Bern, Switzerland and the Bachelors of Arts and Law (Honors) from National Law University, Delhi, India. He was awarded the Master Grant by the University of Bern to pursue the MILE program and the prestigious Dr. Angela Merkel-Jawaharlal Nehru Scholarship Grant, 2013. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Varun worked in New Delhi as lawyer and a Junior Associate with the Intellectual Property Division at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Geneva, Switzerland. He is a member of the Indian Supreme Court Bar Association. He speaks Hindi and is conversant in French. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Viktoriya Ereshchenko

Viktoriya Ereshchenko joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 and currently works with the Getting Electricity indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Viktoriya was involved in a research project funded by the World Bank Group on ‘Deep Trade Agreements’, for which she co-authored a research paper on Government Procurement. Recently, she was a Research Assistant with the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Previously, Ms. Ereshchenko worked for a consulting firm in New Delhi, India, on international development issues; she also worked with international organizations in Geneva in the field of international trade and economics. Ms. Ereshchenko holds a master’s in international law and Economics from the World Trade Institute in Switzerland, and she also holds a Master’s Degree in International trade from Saint Petersburg State University in Russia. Ms. Ereshchenko speaks Russian. She is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Sabrina Fantoni

Sabrina Fantoni joined the Doing Business team in February 2019 and currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Sabrina worked as a Research Specialist for TD International, a business advisory and risk intelligence firm, and before that, as a Research Assistant at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). She holds a Master of Arts in Latin American Studies from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Services and a bachelor’s degree in Journalism from the Mackenzie Presbyterian University (São Paulo). She speaks Portuguese and Spanish.

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Dorina Georgieva

Dorina Georgieva joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently is the Acting Topic Team Leader of the Labor Market Regulation topic and previously covered the Trading across Borders indicator. She holds a Master's degree in international relations and economics from Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. She obtained her Bachelor's degree in international studies from Ramapo College of New Jersey. She has attended programs on international development in cooperation in India, China and Russia; as well on entrepreneurship and business at Babson College and UC Berkeley Haas School of Business in the US. Before joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Georgieva worked for the United Nations Development Program in Istanbul, the Institute of International Studies in New York, and the Consulate General of the Republic of Bulgaria in Shanghai. She speaks Bulgarian, Russian and French and is conversant in Chinese and Turkish.

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Adrian Gonzalez

Adrian, Senior Economist, joined Doing Business in February 2012. Previously, Adrian was a Lead Researcher at The Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX). His research focused on topics related to financial access and microfinance, including risk and portfolio quality, efficiency, depth of outreach, sustainability, interest rates, social performance, and governability. Prior to joining MIX, he was a Researcher at The Rural Finance Program of The Ohio State University (OSU), where he worked on financial access, poverty reduction, and development issues in Latin America. Adrian received his Ph.D. in finance and development from the Development Economics Program at The Ohio State University, as well as a Master of Arts in Economics. He speaks Spanish. Adrian has been leading the Regional Research and Development Center at the World Bank office in Santiago, Chile since July 2017.

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Maho Hatayama

Maho Hatayama joined the Doing Business team as a Junior Professional Officer in February 2019. She currently works on the Registering Property indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she worked as a research officer at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) providing research on private sector development for the UK Department for International Development (DFID). Before that, she worked at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Liberia, where she provided advisory services for SME development project. She also spent 2 years and half in a development consultancy firm and mainly worked for agricultural development in Mozambique for JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). She holds a Master of Science degree in Local Economic Development from London School of Economics and Political Science (U.K.) and a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture from Shizuoka University (Japan). She speaks Japanese and is conversant in Portuguese.

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Maksym Iavorskyi

Maksym Iavorskyi joined the Doing Business team in May 2015. He currently works on the Enforcing Contracts Indicator and previously covered the Resolving Insolvency Indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Maksym worked as a lawyer in leading law firms in Ukraine and in the United States. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree in International Dispute Settlement from Geneva Law School and Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Maksym speaks Russian and Ukrainian. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Nan Jiang

Charlotte Nan Jiang is a Sr. Private Sector Development Specialist in Doing Business, Development Economics Vice Presidency. She joined the team in December 2008 and has worked on evaluating corporate tax treatments and financial infrastructures across 190 economies. Ms. Jiang has also led operational missions and dialogues on government reform priorities, and co-authored a series of investment climate reports based on analytical evidence. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Jiang worked in Société Générale Corporate and Investment Banking, London. She holds a Master of Science degree in Management Science and Engineering from Stanford University. Ms. Jiang speaks Chinese.

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Hervé Kaddoura

Hervé Kaddoura joined the Doing Business team in July 2010 and leads the Protecting Investors indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, he worked for the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Kaddoura holds a Master's degree in International and European Law and a Master of Laws degree in Securities and Financial Regulation from Georgetown University Law Center. He speaks French, Spanish and Arabic.

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Tommy Kairuz Harb

Tommy Kairuz Harb joined the Doing Business team in February 2019 and currently works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Kairuz Harb has been trained in the M&A department of Jones Day and White & Case (Paris and Doha). He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from Duke University, and a law degree (LL.B.) from Université Saint-Joseph (Beirut, Lebanon). Tommy is also a member of the Beirut Bar Association since 2016. He speaks French and Arabic and is conversant in Spanish.

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Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga

Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga joined the Doing Business team in April 2014. He oversees the interactions with governments as part of the Stakeholders engagement component of Doing Business. He leads the Resolving Insolvency Indicator and previously led the Labor Market Regulation indicator. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from UC Berkeley, attended the Harvard University negotiation program and holds a law degree from Javeriana University in Colombia. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, he was a Diplomat (Counselor) at the Embassy of Colombia in the United States, where he coordinated the working relationship with U.S. Congress for the approval of the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement. He also worked for the Business Association of Colombia (ANDI), and the law firms Heuking Kühn in Germany and DG&A in Colombia. He speaks Spanish and is conversant in German.

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Sarah Kouhlani Nolla

Sarah Kouhlani Nolla joined the Doing Business team in January 2019 and currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Before joining the Doing Business team, she worked at the Fragility, Conflict and Violence group of the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Kouhlani worked at UNDP on Governance and Peace-building. Previous to that, at the European Commission on macroeconomics of the Euro Area as a Bluebook Trainee, and prior to that at the Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a Legal Consultant. Ms. Kouhlani holds a Master’s in International Relations and Development Economics from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, where she was a Fulbright scholar, and double bachelor’s degree in Law and Economics from Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. She speaks French, Arabic, Spanish and Catalan.

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Olga Kuzmina

Olga joined the Doing Business team in June 2018 and works with contributors and CRM. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Olga worked for a grassroot youth soccer nonprofit DC SCORES, conducted research for the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs and led a youth development nonprofit on the Far East of Russia. Ms. Kuzmina holds a Master of Arts in Political Science from the Central European University in Hungary and a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from the Far Eastern Federal University in Russia. She speaks Russian and is conversant in French.

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Iryna Lagodna

Iryna Lagodna joined the Doing Business team in February 2018 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. She holds a Master's degree in European Economic Studies, specialized in European Economic Integration and Business, from College of Europe in Belgium. Ms. Lagodna was an Erasmus Mundus scholar on a Master’s program in International Economic Studies at Université Paris-Est Créteil (France). She also holds a Master’s degree in Marketing and a Bachelor's degree in economics from National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Lagodna worked on the topics of entrepreneurship and early-stage investing at a European trade association based in Brussels, Belgium, and interned at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe in Geneva, Switzerland, conducting research on energy efficiency policies and projects. She speaks Ukrainian, Russian and French.

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Joseph Lemoine

Joseph Lemoine joined the Doing Business team in February 2018 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. He also works on the Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance project. Mr. Lemoine holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center as well as a Master’s degree in Comparative Law from Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (France) and a Master’s degree in European Governance from Sciences Po Grenoble (France). He speaks French.

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Tiziana Londero

Tiziana Londero joined the Doing Business team in April 2017. She works on the Protecting Minority Investors indicator. She holds a Master’s degree (LL.M.) in Business and Finance Law from the George Washington University Law School and a law degree with a major in Company Law, Financial Markets, and Competition from the Luigi Bocconi University in Milan (Italy). Ms. Londero is admitted to the New York State Bar and is a member of the New York Bar Association. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Londero worked in the regulatory department of a large trade association in Washington D.C. focusing on financial services regulatory issues. She speaks Italian and Hungarian.

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Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha

Silvia Carolina Lopez Rocha joined the Doing Business team in January 2017. She currently works on the Getting Electricity indicator. Ms. Lopez Rocha is an attorney specialized in International Law and is qualified to practice in Mexico. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she was the Chief Legal Officer at the Mexican-Chinese Chamber of Commerce, where she led the negotiations between the Mexican Government and transnational enterprises to foster trade and investment between China and Mexico. She developed Public Private Partnership (PPP) for infrastructure and energy projects. She specialized in economic and legal negotiations between Asia and Latin America and has represented Mexican companies that expanded their operations into mainland China. She previously worked for the United Nations Office in Mexico, where she developed human rights programs to protect immigrants’ fundamental rights. She received her LLM in International Legal Studies from NYU. She speaks Spanish. She is currently based in Santiago, Chile.

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Raman Maroz

Raman Maroz joined the Doing Business team in April 2017 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Maroz worked for the Constitutional Court of Belarus, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, as well as practiced international litigation in Moscow, Russian Federation. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the University of Notre Dame Law School where he was a Fulbright scholar, a Law degree from the Belarusian State University (Belarus), and a University degree in Political Science and European Studies from Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV (France). He speaks Russian and Belarusian and is conversant in French.

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Courtney Masters

Courtney Masters joined the World Bank’s Doing Business Team as a secondee from PwC Germany in April 2019 and currently works on the Paying Taxes indicator. At PwC Germany, Ms. Masters, who is also a qualified attorney in South Africa, specializes in International Taxation and Transfer Pricing. Prior to joining PwC, Ms. Masters worked at a large corporate law firm in Cape Town, South Africa and did a stint at a boutique law firm in Shanghai, China. She holds an LL.B degree from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa and an LL.M specializing in Law and Business from Bucerius Law School in Hamburg, Germany. Ms. Masters is fluent in German and Afrikaans.

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Margherita Mellone

Margherita joined the Doing Business team in March 2017 and she currently works with the Paying Taxes indicator. She worked 3 years in Malaysia for Lazada Group, the leading e-commerce company in South East Asia, where she was working in the Cross-Border team and prior to that in the Marketing team. Ms. Mellone has a master’s degree in Management from Bocconi University (Italy). She studied one year in Spain at the Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales in Granada; also, she spent one year in India studying at Indian School of Business in Hyderabad and working for a consulting firm in New Delhi. She speaks Italian and Spanish. She is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Nuno Mendes dos Santos

Nuno Mendes dos Santos joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. He works on the Trading across Borders indicator. He received his Master’s degree in Global Political Economy from the University of Kassel, Germany, focusing on the political economy of financial regulation in European sports, and is currently working on his PhD on the same subject. He received his Licentiate Degree (with honors) in Political Science and International Relations from the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Nuno has most recently worked in the private sector, serving as the International Coordinator and the Marketing and Sales Executive at two global firms, where he was responsible for emerging markets. Nuno has lived in Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Thailand, Turkey and the United States and speaks Portuguese, Spanish, French and Italian, and is conversant in Catalan and Turkish.

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Frederic Meunier

Frederic Meunier joined the Doing Business team in December 2009. He currently leads the Starting a Business indicator and was previously in charge of the Registering Property indicator. He also leads the Entrepreneurship database project–which measures trends in entrepreneurship around the world. He obtained a degree in economics from Sciences Po and studied at Georgetown University. He holds a Master's degree in economics from the College of Europe (Belgium) and a Master's degree in international business from ESSEC business school (France). Prior to joining the team, Mr. Meunier worked at Société Générale Corporate & Investment Banking, where he focused on project finance and public private partnerships. He speaks French and is conversant in German and Spanish. He is currently based in Santiago, Chile.

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Joanna Nasr

Joanna Nasr, a private sector development specialist, joined the Doing Business team in October 2007 to work on the resolving insolvency indicator. She currently leads the Paying Taxes indicator and prior to that she was leading the research team for the getting credit (credit information) indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Nasr worked for 2 years in political economics research specific to the Middle East and North Africa region at the American University of Beirut. Nasr is the author of numerous published articles on financial and research economics. Ms. Nasr holds a Bachelor's degree in economics and finance and a Master degree in financial economics, both from the American University of Beirut. Ms. Nasr holds also an advanced postgraduate degree in government (comparative politics) from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she was a Chevening scholar. She speaks French and Arabic.

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Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye

Marie-Jeanne Ndiaye joined the Doing Business team in May 2011 as a Program Assistant. She is currently the Sr. Program Assistant overseeing the administrative workprogram of the Doing Business unit. Prior to joining Doing Business, she spent four years in the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) as a Program Assistant working with the team evaluating World Bank Group human development projects. Marie-Jeanne's previous professional experiences include eight years in Operations in the Africa Region, most of which as Trust Fund Coordinator and Portfolio Monitoring Coordinator. She speaks French and is conversant in Spanish.

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Albert Nogués i Comas

Albert Nogués i Comas joined the Doing Business team in April 2016. He works on the Registering Property indicator. Albert holds an LLM in International and European Law from the University of Amsterdam, and a double degree in Law and Economics from the University Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Albert practiced law for five years as an administrative lawyer in Barcelona, including three years in Garrigues law firm covering areas such as Urban Planning, Public Procurement and Competition law. He also spent four months at the European Union Delegation to the United States in Washington DC, focusing on international trade relations. Albert speaks Catalan, Spanish and French.

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Nadia Novik

Nadia Novik joined the Doing Business team in March 2013. She currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Ms. Novik previously covered the Paying Taxes Indicator for four report cycles. Prior to working on International Development at the World Bank, Ms. Novik worked in the private sector in Ukraine at PwC as a Tax Consultant specialized in international taxation and structuring. Ms. Novik also interned at the Department of International Relations of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine. Ms. Novik holds a Master's Degree in International Business Management and a Bachelor's degree in International Economics from the Kyiv National Economic University. More recently, she completed a series of statistics and computer programming classes at the Harvard Extension School. Ms. Novik is fluent in Russian, Ukrainian, Italian and is conversant in German and Spanish.

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Enrique Orellana

Enrique Orellana joined the Doing Business team in March 2018 and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. He previously worked on initiatives focused on environmental regulations and to regulating digital businesses for the World Bank’s Indicator Development team. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Enrique worked at the Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) on private sector development research and data analysis. Enrique received his Master’s degree in International Business and Commerce from Georgetown University, he also holds a Bachelor’s degree in International Relations from the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de Mexico (ITAM). He speaks Spanish and French. He is currently based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Alexia Pimbli

Alexia Pimbli joined the Doing Business team in September 2018 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. She previously interned in Doing Business, working with the communication and outreach function to prepare the launch of the Doing Business 2019 report. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Pimbli worked at the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris on issues related to customs and trade facilitation as well as commercial law and practice. She also previously worked in private law firms in Greece and France, focusing on corporate law and international commercial arbitration. She holds an LLM from New York University School of Law, as well as a Master’s in International Corporate Law and a Bachelor of Laws from Université Paris 1 Panthéon – Sorbonne in Paris, France. Ms. Pimbli speaks Greek and French.

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Marion Pinto

Marion Pinto joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Enforcing Contracts indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Pinto worked for the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and the Organization of American States (OAS). She holds a Master’s degree in International Law from Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, as well as a dual law degree from Université Toulouse I Capitole (France) and Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain). She speaks French and Spanish and is conversant in Portuguese and Italian.

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Greta Polo

Greta Polo joined the Doing Business team in February 2019 and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Prior to joining Doing Business, Greta worked within DECIG on the Markets Indicator for the Enabling the Business of Agriculture project. She also worked as an Advisor for the Permanent Mission of St. Vincent and the Grenadines to the United Nations and has professional experience with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). She holds a Master’s in International Affairs from Columbia University and a Bachelor of Science degree in Applied Mathematics from the Florida Institute of Technology. Greta is fluent in Italian, Spanish, and speaks basic Arabic, Portuguese, Romanian and French.

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Alexandra Popova

Alexandra Popova joined the Doing Business team in February 2018 and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Before that, she interned with the Enforcing Contracts Indicator. Ms. Popova holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from the University of Washington and an LL.M in International Protection of Human Rights from Ukrainian University. She previously worked at the U.S. based multinational company and practiced corporate and tax law at a leading Ukrainian law firm. Ms. Popova speaks Russian and Ukrainian.

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María Antonia Quesada Gámez

María Antonia Quesada Gámez joined the Doing Business team in March 2014. She leads the Enforcing Contracts Indicator and previously led the Resolving Insolvency indicator team. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Quesada Gámez worked as a policy advisor at the European Parliament and at the Permanent Representation of Spain to the European Union. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center where she was a Fulbright scholar, a M.A. in EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies from the College of Europe (Belgium), and a dual Law degree from Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (France) and Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). Ms. Quesada speaks Spanish, French and Portuguese. She is currently based in Santiago, Chile.

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Parvina Rakhimova

Parvina Rakhimova joined the Doing Business team in January 2013. She currently works on the Paying Taxes Indicator. During her first years with the team she covered the Registering Property indicator. She obtained a BA in industrial economics from the Tajik Technical University (Tajikistan). She holds a Master of Science degree in International Strategy and Economics from the St. Andrews University (Scotland) and a Master's degree in International Development Policy from the Duke University (US). Prior to joining the team, she worked at the International Finance Corporation country office in Tajikistan, where she focused on SME development. She speaks Russian.

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Rita Ramalho

Rita Ramalho is the Senior Manager for the Global Indicators Group which houses Doing Business, Subnational Doing Business, Enterprise Surveys, Women Business and the Law, Enabling the Business of Agriculture, as well as other pilot indicator projects. Previously Rita Ramalho was the Manager of the joint World Bank-IFC Doing Business Report which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms in 190 economies and selected cities at the subnational level. Prior to that she was the program manager of World Bank-IFC Enterprise Surveys and Women, Business and the Law project. Enterprise Surveys provide the world's most comprehensive company-level data for emerging markets and developing economies. Enterprise Surveys data are available on more than 131,000 firms in over 139 countries. Rita Ramalho holds a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on the impact of regulation on economic variables such as growth, where she found that better business regulations can lead to more growth; the impact of regulations on female labor force participation, tax policy and entrepreneurship, labor regulations, and the size of the informal sector. She speaks Portuguese and is conversant in Spanish.

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Mariyam Raziyeva

Mariyam Raziyeva joined the Doing Business team in February 2019, and currently works on the Starting a Business indicator. Prior to joining Doing Business, Mariyam worked within DECIG, on the Fertilizer indicator of the Enabling the Business of Agriculture project, which measures laws and regulations that impact the business environment for a sustainable and thriving agricultural sector. She also previously worked as an auditor for the Missouri state government and participated in audits of Missouri Medicaid and several local government agencies. Mariyam is currently a candidate for a master’s degree in Public Policy from American University in Washington D.C. Mariyam is fluent in Russian and is conversant in Kazakh.

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Nathalie Reyes

Nathalie Reyes joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Registering Property indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Reyes worked with the Partnerships and Resource Mobilization Unit at the Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) and with Universidad Javeriana in Bogota (Colombia). She is an economist and holds a Master Degree in Development Economics from Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne and a professional diploma from the School of Management of Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona). She speaks Spanish and French.

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Julie Ryan

Julie Ryan joined the Doing Business team in July 2015. She currently works on the Getting Credit – Credit Information indicator and previously worked on the Starting a Business indicator. She formerly worked as an engineering aide in San Diego, California and McLean, Virginia in the sustainable energy sector. She has a master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University, where she worked as a research assistant studying health care outcomes in the United States. Her research topics of interest include access to finance and public debt. She speaks Spanish and Portuguese.

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Valentina Saltane

Valentina Saltane joined the Doing Business team in 2011. Since becoming a Sr. Private Sector Development Specialist in November 2016, she has been a member of the team in charge of reviewing Doing Business data. Ms. Saltane has led the Resolving Insolvency, the Starting a Business and the Trading across Borders indicators. Ms. Saltane has also co-authored three Access to Finance reports, two reports on Sweden’s Business Climate, Global Survey on Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy publication as well as two working papers. Before joining the World Bank Group in 2007, Ms. Saltane held the position of research analyst at the Law and Economic Consulting Group (LECG). She has also worked for the World Resources Institute as a program coordinator. Ms. Saltane holds a master of public administration from the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (CIPA), Cornell University. She is fluent in Russian, Latvian, Spanish and is proficient in French.

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Syuzanna Simonyan

Syuzanna Simonyan joined the Doing Business team in February 2019 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Ms. Simonyan had previously worked on Public Accountability Mechanisms Initiative with the World Bank Group. Prior to that, she worked as a Staff Attorney at the American Bar Association’s Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative in Armenia, and as Admissions Coordinator at the American University of Armenia. Ms. Simonyan holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the American University, Washington College of Law, International Legal Studies Program, and Law degree from Gladzor University in Armenia. She speaks Armenian and Russian.

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Katarzyna Sokal

Katarzyna Sokal joined the Doing Business team in February 2018 and currently works on the Resolving Insolvency indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Katarzyna was an analyst at the European Central Bank. She is a PhD candidate at the Warsaw School of Economics researching financial markets, systemic risk and contagion. Katarzyna holds a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Warsaw and a Bachelor's degree in Finance and Accounting from the Warsaw School of Economics. She speaks Polish and is conversant in French.

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Ines M. Sosa Saez

Ines joined the Doing Business team in February 2019 and currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she worked at the Administrative Tribunal of the Organization of American States, and as a pro bono lawyer for asylum-seekers from Latin America. Before this, Ines worked as an in-house attorney within a major transnational company dealing with legal and regulatory compliance issues and risk mitigation. She also worked as an associate in the two public law departments of top tier local law firms. Ms. Sosa was a Professor at Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Venezuela), where she also obtained her first law degree. She holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center. Ms. Sosa speaks Spanish.

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Jayashree Srinivasan

Jayashree Srinivasan joined the Doing Business team in February 2008 to help design the Getting Electricity indicator. She is currently the Acting Topic Team Leader of the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator, after covering the Getting Electricity Indicator for 8 years. Prior to joining Doing Business, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the South Asia Region of the World Bank Group in the Sustainable Development Unit, where she was a part of the Urban and Water team. Before moving to Washington DC in 2002, Ms. Srinivasan worked in the New Delhi office of the World Bank Group with the Rural Development Team. She holds a master's degree in community resource management and extension from Delhi University. She speaks Hindi and Tamil.

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Mihaela Stangu

Mihaela Stangu joined the Doing Business team in July 2015 as a Program Assistant. She provides assistance to the team and is the transaction specialist for the unit handling consultant contracts and payments. Prior to joining Doing Business she was in Development Economics where she has worked on 5 World Development Reports. Prior to that she worked in the Office of the Publisher. She speaks Romanian and is conversant in Serbian and Croatian.

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Erick Tjong

Erick Tjong joined the Doing Business team in February 2015. He is currently the Acting Topic Leader of the Getting Electricity indicator. He previously worked on the Starting a Business indicator. Mr. Tjong obtained a degree in international relations from the University of São Paulo. He also holds a Master's degree in Europe-Asia relations from Sciences Po, Paris, and Fudan University, Shanghai. Prior to joining the team, he worked at the Paris City Hall’s international relations bureau. He previously worked at PwC in São Paulo, where he mainly provided consulting services for Chinese investments in Brazil. He speaks Portuguese, French, Spanish, and is conversant in Chinese.

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Judith Trasancos

Judith Trasancos joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mrs. Trasancos worked for the Government of Catalonia in New York and Banc Sabadell in Barcelona. She holds two masters in international relations and diplomacy from the Diplomatic School of Spain and Universitat Pompeu Fabra; a B.A. in translation and interpreting; and a postgraduate course in preparing an international tender submission from the Organization of Ibero-American States. She speaks Spanish, Catalan, Galician, French and is conversant in Arabic.

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Hulya Ulku

Hulya Ulku is a Senior Economist in Doing Business, Development Economics Vice Presidency. Prior to joining the Doing Business team in 2013, she worked as a Lecturer in Development Economics at the University of Manchester for nine years, where she directed the Development Economics and Policy Master's Program and taught International Trade and Macroeconomics courses to graduate students. Ms. Ulku has published extensively on innovation and economic growth and on the developmental potentials of remittances. Her recent research focuses on innovation, labor market regulations, and integration policies and outcomes for international migrants. Ms. Ulku holds a Bachelor's Degree in Public Finance from Gazi University, Master's Degrees in Economics and International Economics from Northeastern and Brandeis Universities, and a Ph. D. Degree in Economics from Brandeis University.

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Farrukh Umarov

Farrukh Umarov joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Umarov worked for Start-Up Nation Central, a non-profit organization, in Tel Aviv, and co-founded a technology skill-building organization in Tajikistan. He also worked for the UN Migration Agency in Tajikistan. Mr. Umarov holds a Master of Public Policy degree from the University of Oxford and a bachelor’s degree in International and Comparative Politics from the American University of Central Asia. He speaks Tajik (Dari/Farsi), Russian, and is conversant in Spanish.

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Yulia Valerio

Yulia Valerio joined the Doing Business team in January 2018 and currently works on the Getting Credit – Legal Rights indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Valerio practiced litigation in the US, international arbitration in France, and project finance and international dispute resolution in the Dominican Republic. She has also worked at the IFC’s project Investing Across Borders. Ms. Valerio holds a Masters of Laws (LL.M.) in International Legal Studies from American University Washington College of Law and a J.D. from Seattle University School of Law. She speaks Russian and is conversant in Spanish.

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Rongpeng Yang

Rongpeng Yang joined the Doing Business team in February 2018. She currently works on the Trading across Borders indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Yang worked for the Central Bank of China, where she primarily focused on financial regulatory policy. She has also interned with two commercial banks working on cross-border financial transactions and credit risk assessments, respectively. She holds a master's degree in public policy from Georgetown University, and received her Bachelor of Arts in Economics from the University of Michigan. Ms. Yang speaks Chinese.

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Marilyne Youbi

Marilyne Youbi joined the Doing Business team in February 2014. She currently works on the Trading Across Borders Indicator and previously worked on the Labor Market Regulation indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Youbi worked as a research assistant for the Center for Urban Progress and Howard University. Most recently, she interned for the Office of International Affairs at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Marilyne holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Maryland, College Park and a PhD in International and Development Economics from Howard University. She speaks French.

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Inés Zabalbeita Múgica

Inés Zabalbeita Múgica joined the Doing Business team in March 2014 to work on the Trading across Borders indicator. She leads the Trading Across Borders indicator. Prior to joining the team, she worked in private sector development at the Investment Climate Advisory Services Department of the World Bank Group and at the Economic Office of the Spanish Embassy in the United States. Ms. Zabalbeita Múgica holds an MBA from the International University Menéndez Pelayo and a Licentiate Degree in Business Management from the University of the Basque Country and the Catholic University of Leuven. She speaks Spanish. She is currently based in Santiago, Chile.

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Yasmin Zand

Yasmin Zand joined the Doing Business team in 2009 and is the Contributor Manager for the Global Indicators Group, which includes Doing Business, Enabling the Business of Agriculture and Women Business and the Law. She covered Credit Info during a two-year period. She previously worked on media, marketing and communications for the report. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Yasmin was the Deputy Field Director at The Mellman Group, a research-based strategy firm in Washington DC. She also worked on the 2004 United States presidential political campaign. She holds bachelor's degrees in Business Administration and Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.B.A. from INSEAD. She speaks Farsi and is conversant in French.

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Dou Zhang

Dou Zhang joined the Doing Business team in January 2019, and currently works on the design of the Contracting with the Government indicator. Prior to joining the World Bank Group, Mr. Zhang worked at the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), on topics related to evaluation, data analytics, and knowledge management. Mr. Zhang holds a Master of Public Policy degree (M.P.P) from the George Washington University and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. of Public Policy and Public Administration at the same university. He speaks Chinese, Spanish, and is conversant in French.

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Muqiao Zhang

Muqiao Zhang joined the Doing Business team in February 2017. She currently works on the Paying Taxes indicator. She holds a Master of Finance degree from University of Maryland, and received her Bachelor of Business Administration majoring in Finance from Jilin University in China. Prior to joining the Doing Business team, Ms. Zhang worked with Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, DC office, Wealth Management team. She also has a consulting experience with Climate Finance, engaging in financial compliance investigations, and climate and financial risk analysis. She speaks Chinese.