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The enforcing contracts indicator measures the time and cost for resolving a commercial dispute through a local first-instance court, and the quality of judicial processes index, evaluating whether each economy has adopted a series of good practices that promote quality and efficiency in the court system. The most recent round of data collection was completed in May 2020. See the methodology for more information. Video presentation of the methodology is also available.

Doing Business reforms

Enhancing judicial efficiency

A judicial system that provides effective commercial dispute resolution is crucial to a healthy economy.1 Sixteen economies worldwide made enforcing contracts easier in 2019-20. Seven economies introduced electronic tools. For example, Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, and St. Lucia - members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States -  implemented an electronic litigation portal within the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court that allows judges and lawyers to manage cases electronically and allows plaintiffs to file initial complaints and pay court fees electronically. Jordan and Oman implemented an electronic case management system. Other economies focused on strengthening the alternative dispute resolution frameworks. Georgia, Bahrain and Thailand adopted a consolidated law on voluntary mediation. Bahrain also implemented a simplified procedure as an effective way to resolve small value disputes. Niger, Togo and Uzbekistan limited the ability of the parties to request adjournments. The latter two also set specific timelines for key court events. In addition, four economies made enforcing contracts more transparent. Kuwait and Peru, for example, started publishing court performance reports; whereas Uzbekistan and United Arab Emirates ensured the publication of judgments rendered at all levels in commercial cases.

1 Ramello, Giovanni, and Stephen Voigt, 2012. “The Economics of Efficiency and the Judicial System.”International Review of Law and Economics 32: 1-2.


Reforms implemented in 2019/20 are available here.


Summaries of reforms by economy, since DB2008:

= Doing Business reform making it easier to do business. = Change making it more difficult to do business.