Doing Business blogs

  • Giving creditors a voice for a better insolvency process

    Author(s) : Klaus Koch-Saldarriaga, Raman Maroz, Nina Dannaoui Topic : Resolving Insolvency Short description : Creditors have a direct interest in efficient resolution of insolvency. Robust creditors’ rights will bring the creditor’s relevant expertise to the fore and balance the actions of the debtor/insolvency administrator. As shown by the Doing Business data, a better protection of creditors’ rights is associated with higher recovery rates of creditors’ investments. This also leads to lowering the cost of credit and increasing the volume of private lending.

  • Private versus public electricity distribution utilities: Are outcomes different for end-users?

    Author(s) : Ahmad F. Alkhuzam, Jean Arlet, Silvia Lopez Rocha Topic : Getting Electricity Short description : This blog inquiries whether publicly- and privately-owned utilities differ across regions, in terms of their performance regarding the reliability of supply, the efficiency of connection services, and the price of electricity. The research on 201 cities covered by Doing Business finds that overall there are no major differences between the efficiency and quality of services which commercial end-users receive from private or public utility companies. Also, many utilities are owned by public-private partnerships, a type of ownership structure that deserves future research.

  • Barriers to urban electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa from the perspective of end-users

    Author(s) : Jean Arlet, Viktoriya Ereshchenko, Silvia Lopez Rocha Topic : Getting Electricity Short description : This blog analyzes the barriers to access to electricity in the Sub-Saharan Africa region, where 60% of the population did not have access to this basic service. Among the obstacles identified based on Doing Business data, which can discourage households from seeking new connections in several economies, are the high frequency and duration of power outages; the relatively high electricity prices; and the complexity and costs to obtain a new connection to the power grid. It is argued that increasing access to electricity requires policies that focus on the services end-users receive from distribution utilities, and not only on supply-side factors.

  • WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement and Doing Business reforms: Are they related and how?

    Author(s) : Inés Zabalbeita Múgica, Marilyne Youbi and Cécile Ferro Topic : Trading across Borders Short description : Small differences in the time and cost to trade can determine whether or not a country participates in global value chains. In this respect, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), which came into force on February 22, 2017, is a landmark achievement given its comprehensive coverage of the issues around cutting red tape and promoting efficiency and transparency, as well as the fact that it is the first multilateral agreement since the establishment of the WTO in 1995. Coincidentally, the Trading Across Borders (TAB) indicator of Doing Business measures the efficiency of national regulations in trade facilitation and keeps track of relevant reforms, allowing us to analyze how the provisions of the TFA are related to the reform efforts of governments around the world.