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Trading across Borders in South Africa

This topic measures the time and cost (excluding tariffs) associated with the logistical process of exporting and importing goods. It assesses three sets of procedures –documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport—within the overall process of exporting or importing a shipment of goods.

The information appearing on this page was collected as part of the Doing Business subnational project in South Africa, which measures and compares regulations relevant to the life cycle of a small to medium-sized domestic business in cities and regions.

Click on the port name to see details:
Port of Cape Town | Port of Durban | Port of Ngqura | Port of Port Elizabeth

 

PORT OF CAPE TOWN

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100)62.47
Time to export 
Documentary compliance (hours)96
Border compliance (hours)118
Cost to export 
Documentary compliance (US$)73
Border compliance (US$)503
Time to import  
Documentary compliance (hours)36
Border compliance (hours)66
Cost to import 
Documentary compliance (US$)73
Border compliance (US$)676

PORT DETAILS

CharacteristicsExport Import
ProductHS 08: Edible fruit and nuts;peel of citrus fruit or melonsHS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partnerNetherlandsGermany
BorderPort of Cape Town Port of Cape Town 
Distance (km)1,3981,398
Domestic transport time (hours)6060
Domestic transport cost (USD)1,8821,882

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

ExportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities4141
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs3052
Port or border handling84310
ImportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities6258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling60418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export Import
Bill of ladingBill of lading
Cargo Dues OrderCargo Dues Order
EUR 1 - Certificate of originEUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoiceCommercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500)Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Export certificatePacking list
Phytosanitary certificateSOLAS certificate
Packing list 
SOLAS certificate 


PORT OF DURBAN

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100)59.64
Time to export 
Documentary compliance (hours)68
Border compliance (hours)92
Cost to export 
Documentary compliance (US$)55
Border compliance (US$)1,257
Time to import  
Documentary compliance (hours)36
Border compliance (hours)87
Cost to import 
Documentary compliance (US$)73
Border compliance (US$)676

PORT DETAILS

CharacteristicsExport Import
ProductHS 87: Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof HS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partnerUnited StatesGermany
BorderPort of Durban Port of Durban 
Distance (km)570570
Domestic transport time (hours)1616
Domestic transport cost (USD)1,1001,100

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

ExportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities4200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling881,057
ImportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities6258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling81418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export Import
Bill of ladingBill of lading
Cargo Dues OrderCargo Dues Order
AGOA Certificate of originEUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoiceCommercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500)Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Landing orderPacking list
Packing listSOLAS certificate
SOLAS certificate 


PORT OF NGQURA

INDICATOR  SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100)68.93
Time to export 
Documentary compliance (hours)68
Border compliance (hours)84
Cost to export 
Documentary compliance (US$)55
Border compliance (US$)451
Time to import  
Documentary compliance (hours)36
Border compliance (hours)54
Cost to import 
Documentary compliance (US$)73
Border compliance (US$)676

PORT DETAILS

CharacteristicsExport Import
ProductHS 84: Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances;parts thereofHS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partnerUnited StatesGermany
BorderPort of NgquraPort of Ngqura
Distance (km)1,0431,043
Domestic transport time (hours)2424
Domestic transport cost (USD)1,3501,350

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

ExportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities4200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling80251
ImportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities6258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling48418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

Export Import
Bill of ladingBill of lading
Cargo Dues OrderCargo Dues Order
Certificate of originEUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoiceCommercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500)Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Packing listPacking list
SOLAS certificateSOLAS certificate
  
  


PORT OF PORT ELIZABETH

INDICATOR SNAPSHOT

Distance to frontier score (0-100)69.25
Time to export 
Documentary compliance (hours)68
Border compliance (hours)80
Cost to export 
Documentary compliance (US$)55
Border compliance (US$)451
Time to import  
Documentary compliance (hours)36
Border compliance (hours)54
Cost to import 
Documentary compliance (US$)73
Border compliance (US$)676

PORT DETAILS

CharacteristicsExportImport
ProductHS 84: Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances;parts thereofHS 8708: Parts and accessories of motor vehicles
Trade partnerGermanyGermany
BorderPort of Port ElizabethPort of Port Elizabeth
Distance (km)1,0611,061
Domestic transport time (hours)2424
Domestic transport cost (USD)1,3501,350

COMPONENTS OF BORDER COMPLIANCE

ExportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities4200
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling76251
ImportTime to Complete (hours)Associated Costs (USD)
Clearance and inspections required by customs authorities6258
Clearance and inspections required by agencies other than customs00
Port or border handling48418

TRADE DOCUMENTS

ExportImport
Bill of ladingBill of lading
Cargo Dues OrderCargo Dues Order
EUR 1 - Certificate of originEUR 1 - Certificate of origin
Commercial invoiceCommercial invoice
Customs Export Declaration (SAD 500)Customs import declaration (SAD 500)
Packing listPacking list
SOLAS certificateSOLAS certificate